Early Cretaceous palynofloral provinces in China: Western additions

Jianguo Li, David J. Batten

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14 Citations (SciVal)


Two distinct palynofloral provinces have been recognized for the Early Cretaceous of western China, including Xizang (Tibet): one indicated by the presence of the cheirolepidiacean pollen grain Dicheiropollis and the other by abundant representatives of different gymnospermous pollen, especially Araucariacites and Callialasporites. The boundary between them coincides with the Yarlung Zangbo Suture. To the north of the suture, the Xizang-Tarim Dicheiropollis Province occupies a wide region from southern Xinjiang through the central and northern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau to the west of Yunnan. South of the suture, the Southern Xizang Araucariacites-Callialasporites Province appears to have affinities with the South Gondwanan (floral) Realm. Despite some similarities with the composition of assemblages from other palynofloral provinces, both are distinct and considered to reflect different climates. Hot arid to semi-arid conditions are indicated by the Dicheiropollis Province, whereas a more humid and somewhat cooler climate is suggested for the Araucariacites-Callialasporites Province.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalIsland Arc
Issue number1
Early online date04 Jul 2010
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


  • Early Cretaceous
  • Gondwana
  • paleoclimate
  • palynofloral province
  • aplynofloral realm
  • Tethys
  • western China


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