Effect of biocides on the fruiting of waxcap fungi

Gareth Griffith, Andrew Graham, Ray G. Woods, Gary Easton, Hans Halbwachs

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5 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Hygrocybe and the other macrofungal taxa associated with low nutrient grasslands have intrigued mycologists because of the uncertainty of their trophic status. Various lines of evidence have suggested that they may be biotrophic, rather than saprotrophic. However, the mechanism of such an association is not yet established. We conducted simple field experiments aiming to shed some more light into the nutritional biology of these fungi. Application of selective biocides to small areas of turf where Hygrocybe spp. had previously fruited revealed that removal of all vegetation (glyphosate) inhibited subsequent fruiting, as did removal of grasses (Fusilade), whereas removal of herbs (Agritox) or mosses (FeSO4) had no effect. These findings are in line with a biotrophic association with grasses but the mechanism of such an interaction still eludes discovery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-69
JournalFungal Ecology
Volume7
Early online date17 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • basidiomycetes
  • biotrophy
  • fingal ecology
  • herbicides
  • Hygrocybe
  • trophic mode

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