This study examined the effects of feeding diets rich in either n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in beef bulls. Thirty-three German Holstein bulls were randomly allocated to either an indoor concentrate system or periods of pasture feeding (160 days) followed by a finishing period on a concentrate containing linseed to enhance the contents of n-3 PUFA and conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) in beef muscle. The relative proportion and concentration (mg/100 g fresh muscle) of n-3 fatty acids in the phospholipid and triglyceride fractions were significantly increased (p ≤ 0.05) in muscle lipids of pasture-fed bulls. The pasture feeding affected the distribution of individual CLA isomers in the muscle lipids. The proportion of the most prominent isomer, CLA cis-9,trans-11, was decreased from 73.5 to 65.0% of total CLA in bulls fed on concentrate as compared to pasture. The second most abundant CLA isomers were CLA trans-7,cis-9 and CLA trans-11,cis-13 in bulls fed on concentrate and pasture, respectively. Diet had no effect on the concentration of C18:1 trans-11. In contrast, the concentration of the C18:1 trans-13/14, trans-15, and trans-16 isomers in the muscle lipids was up to two times higher in pasture-fed as compared to concentrate-fed bulls. Pasture feeding enhanced the concentration of n-3 fatty acids, but the diet had no effect on the concentration of CLA cis-9,trans-11.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry|
|Early online date||18 Sept 2004|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Oct 2004|
- n-3 fatty acids
- conjugated linoleic acid isomers
- trans fatty acids