Effect of iodine, selenium and cobalt rumen boluses given to dry dairy cows on the immunoglobulin and thyroid hormone status of calves

Michael Terence Rose, Sam Pearson, Tom Cratchley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The objective was to determine the effect of rumen boluses containing 6800 mg iodine, 1000 mg selenium and 1000 mg cobalt given to dry dairy cows on the efficiency of colostral immunoglobulin G (IgG) absorption in calves. Thirteen cows received the bolus approximately 58 days before calving. A further 12 cows received no bolus and were used as controls. The cows were housed as one group. Calves were prevented from suckling for the first 24 hours of life, and were given three feeds of a fixed quantity of colostrum. At 24 hours, the average plasma concentrations of IgG in the calves were 15.5 and 13.4 g/l for the control and bolus groups, respectively; these were not significantly different (P=0.212). Bolus treatment was associated with higher levels of free and total tri-iodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) in the dams (all P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume83
Issue number7
Early online date13 Jan 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2012

Keywords

  • cattle
  • colostrum
  • immunoglobulin-G
  • iodine
  • passive immunity

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