Effect of selectable gene to reporter gene ratio on the frequency of co-transformation and co-expression of uidA and hpt transgenes in protoplast-derived plants of tall fescue

Susan Dalton, Andy J. E. Bettany, Emma Timms-Taravella, Phillip Morris, M.S Dhanoa

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9 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Forty-six independent transformed plants were regenerated under hygromycin selection from cell-suspension derived protoplasts of Festuca arundinacea (Schreb.) after PEG-mediated transformation. Protoplasts were co-transformed with varying molar gene ratios (0.7:1–6:1) of a marker -glucuronidase (uidA) gene and a selective hygromycin (hpt) resistance gene. Logistic regression analysis indicated that, as expected, the proportion of co-transformed plants tended to increase as the proportion of the marker gene was increased. However, although the proportion of plants co-expressing both genes tended to increase up to a molar ratio of 4:1, it appeared to fall at a molar ratio of 6:1. No statistically significant differences were found in the average copy number of the integrated uidA or hpt transgenes, either in GUS expressing, or in non-GUS expressing plants at the different molar ratios. When using naked-DNA gene transformation methods most authors use a molar ratio of 1:1; our data suggest that adding non-selected and selected transgenes at a higher Molar Gene Ratio would probably improve the proportion of plants regenerated which express both transgenes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-186
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002

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