Effect of the level of iodine in the diet of pregnant ewes on the concentration of immunoglobulin G in the plasma of neonatal lambs following the consumption of colostrum

Michael T. Rose, Basil T. Wolf, William Haresign

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Excessive I in the diet of pregnant sheep can reduce the concentration of antibodies in the blood plasma of the lambs after they have consumed colostrum. Our aim was to determine the dose of dietary I that would avoid this effect, and to relate this to changes in the concentrations of hormones and metabolites in the lambs. Four groups of pregnant ewes received concentrate containing 5·5, 9·9, 14·8, and 21·0 mg I/kg DM, respectively. Hay and molasses (containing 0·16 and 0·29 mg I/kg DM, respectively) were available ad libitum. The lambs were prevented from suckling for the first 24 h of life and were fed a fixed quantity of artificial colostrum in four feeds. At 24 h, the average plasma concentrations of immunoglobulin G in the lambs were 6·08, 5·06, 3·18 and 3·10 g/l for the 5·5, 9·9, 14·8 and 21·0 mg/kg groups, respectively. Supplementation with I was associated with higher levels of tri-iodothyronine and thyroxine in the lambs at birth. There was no effect of treatment on the plasma concentrations of insulin, cortisol, glucose or NEFA in the lambs. The concentration of dietary I that had an effect on the immunoglobulin concentration in the lambs is marginally above the levels added to commercial concentrate feeds; we tentatively identify 9·9 mg I/kg DM (approximately 9 mg I/ewe per day) as the upper safe limit of I supplementation according to the criterion of the concentration of immunoglobulin G in the plasma of lambs at 24 h after birth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2007

Keywords

  • INTESTINE
  • SUPPLEMENTATION
  • iodine
  • passive immunity
  • immunoglobulin G
  • SERUM
  • G ABSORPTION
  • sheep
  • PROGENY
  • NUTRITION
  • BIOLOGICAL-FLUIDS
  • THYROXINE

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