Effective size of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) metapopulation in Northern Spain

Anna Kuparinen, Jarle Tufto, Sonia Consuegra, Kjetil Hindar, Juha Merilä, Carlos Garcia de Leaniz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The genetic diversity of metapopulations is influenced not only by the effective sizes (N e ) of individual subpopulations, but also by the total effective size of the metapopulation (meta-N e ). We estimated meta-N e of four neighbouring Atlantic salmon populations connected by gene flow using genetic estimates of subpopulation N e s and migration rates derived from capture–recapture data. The meta-[^(N)]e meta{\hbox{-}}\hat{N}_{e} was lower than the sum of [^(N)]e \hat{N}_{e} s of the subpopulations, suggesting that genetic diversity harboured by the four river salmon metapopulation is lower than what would have been expected by viewing individual subpopulations separately. In addition, meta-[^(N)]e meta{\hbox{-}}\hat{N}_{e} was found to be sensitive to changes in [^(N)]e \hat{N}_{e} of the subpopulation from which net emigration rate was largest, so as that the genetic diversity of the metapopulation would be best preserved by avoiding any reductions in N e of this subpopulation. Yet, this subpopulation is the one that has historically—and still is—experiencing the highest exploitation rate in the metapopulation system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-1565
Number of pages7
JournalConservation Genetics
Volume11
Issue number4
Early online date02 Jun 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Atlantic salmon
  • Conservation
  • Effective population size
  • Fisheries
  • Metapopulation
  • Salmo salar L.

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