Preimplantation factor (PIF) is a pregnancy specific peptide with immune modulatory properties exerted on the human endometrium. Viable bovine embryos secrete PIF, but its effect on the bovine endometrial immune response is unknown, both in native and inflammatory stimulated endometrial tissue. An ex vivo bovine endometrial tissue culture model was used with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as an inflammatory stimulant. The effect of synthetic PIF (sPIF) was assessed, in three separate experiments, on the secretion or mRNA expression of essential prostaglandins and cytokines. Radioimmunoassays were used to assess prostaglandin secretion and ELISA for IL-6 secretion from endometrial explants. mRNA expression of IL6 and IL8 was analysed from endometrial explants with real-time PCR. Synthetic PIF reduced native IL-6 secretion from explants when pre-treated for 24 h. There was no effect of sPIF on IL-6 secretion from LPS challenged explants; however, sPIF increased IL6 mRNA expression when challenged with 500 ng/mL LPS. There was no effect of sPIF on prostaglandin secretion or mRNA expression of IL8. Therefore, sPIF is able to modulate the native IL-6 production pathway in the bovine endometrium, yet demonstrates no effect on prostaglandin secretion or IL8 expression. Unlike in human studies, effects of sPIF were minimal, thus sPIF is not an effective modulator of the immune targets investigated in the bovine endometrium.
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||02 Aug 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2017|
- preimplantation factor
- prostaglandin F2a
- prostaglandin E2