Efficiency in Knock-out Tournaments: Evidence from EURO 2004

Fiona Carmichael, Dennis Aubrey Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper compares team performances in the EURO 2004 soccer tournament using average and frontier production functions to examine each team's relative efficiency. The evidence suggests that while the eventual tournament winners were not obviously superior in terms of a range of individual performance criteria, they were one of the most efficient teams in converting overall match play into results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211 - 228
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Sport Management Quarterly
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2008


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