Electrochemical Reducation of TiO2/Al2O3/C to Ti3AlC2 and Its Derived Two-Dimensional (2D) Carbides

Shangshu Li, Xingli Zou, Yong Hu, Xionggang Lu, Xiaolu Xiong, Qian Xu, Hongwei Cheng, Zhongfu Zhou

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13 Citations (Scopus)
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Ti3AlC2 has been directly synthesized from TiO2/Al2O3/C mixture precursors (3TiO2/0.5Al2O3/1.5C and 2TiO2/0.5Al2O3/C) by a molten salt electrolysis process at 900°C and 3.2 V in molten CaCl2. The influence of initial carbon content on the electrosynthesized products has been investigated. The result shows that the main phase of the electrosynthesized products changes from Ti3AlC to Ti2AlC and then to Ti3AlC2 with the increasing carbon content, and the electrosynthesized Ti3AlC2 is carbon deficient. The morphology observation shows that the electrosynthesized Ti3AlC2 particles possess smooth surfaces and dense flake-like microstructure. The reaction mechanism of the electroreduction of TiO2/Al2O3/C mixture precursor has been discussed based on the time- and position-dependent phase constitution analysis. In addition, two-dimensional (2D) Ti3AlC2-derived carbides, i.e., Ti3C2Tx and TiCx have been successfully prepared from the electrosynthesized Ti3AlC2 by a chemical etching process and an electrochemical etching process, respectively. Both derived carbides exhibit the similar layered structure, in which single layer carbides are composed of plentiful nanometer carbides. It is suggested that the molten salt electrolysis process has a great potential to be used for the facile synthesis of Mn+1AXn phases (such as Ti3AlC2) from their oxides precursors, and the synthesized Mn+1AXn phases can be further converted into 2D carbides
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E97-E107
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 08 Mar 2018


  • electroreduction
  • molten CaC12
  • Ti3AIC2


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