Estimation of the relative abundance of different Bacteroides and Prevotella ribotypes in gut samples by restriction enzyme profiling of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene sequences

Jacqueline Wood, Karen P. Scott, Gorazd Avguštin, C. J. Newbold, Harry J. Flint

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106 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We describe an approach for determining the genetic composition ofBacteroides and Prevotellapopulations in gut contents based on selective amplification of 16S rRNA gene sequences (rDNA) followed by cleavage of the amplified material with restriction enzymes. The relative contributions of different ribotypes to total Bacteroides andPrevotella 16S rDNA are estimated after end labelling of one of the PCR primers, and the contribution ofBacteroides and Prevotellasequences to total eubacterial 16S rDNA is estimated by measuring the binding of oligonucleotide probes to amplified DNA.Bacteroides and Prevotella 16S rDNA accounted for between 12 and 62% of total eubacterial 16S rDNA in samples of ruminal contents from six sheep and a cow. Ribotypes 4, 5, 6, and 7, which include most cultivated rumen Prevotellastrains, together accounted for between 20 and 86% of the total amplified Bacteroides andPrevotella rDNA in these samples. The most abundantBacteroides or Prevotella ribotype in four animals, however, was ribotype 8, for which there is only one known cultured isolate, while ribotypes 1 and 2, which include many colonic Bacteroides spp., were the most abundant in two animals. This indicates that some abundantBacteroides and Prevotella groups in the rumen are underrepresented among cultured rumenPrevotella isolates. The approach described here provides a rapid, convenient, and widely applicable method for comparing the genotypic composition of bacterial populations in gut samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3683-3689
Number of pages7
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume64
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • RUMINICOLA
  • AMPLIFICATION
  • RAPID IDENTIFICATION
  • RUMEN
  • LENGTH-POLYMORPHISM ANALYSIS
  • RIBOSOMAL-RNA GENES
  • DNA
  • DIVERSITY
  • FRAGMENT
  • ANAEROBIC-BACTERIA
  • Rumen/microbiology
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Humans
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
  • Bacteroides/classification
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Ribosomal/genetics
  • Prevotella/classification
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Feces/microbiology
  • Swine
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sheep

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