Evaluation of diverse classification approaches for land use/cover mapping in a Mediterranean region utilizing Hyperion data

Alata Elatawneh, George Petropoulos, Chariton Kalaitzidis, Thomas Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Information on Earth's land surface cover is commonly obtained through digital image analysis of data acquired from remote sensing sensors. In this study, we evaluated the use of diverse classification techniques in discriminating land use/cover types in a typical Mediterranean setting using Hyperion imagery. For this purpose, the spectral angle mapper (SAM), the object-based and the non-linear spectral unmixing based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) techniques were applied. A further objective had been to investigate the effect of two approaches for training sites selection in the SAM classification, namely of the pixel purity index (PPI) and of the direct selection of training points from the Hyperion imagery assisted by a QuickBird imagery and field-based training sites. Object-based classification outperformed the other techniques with an overall accuracy of 83%. Sub-pixel classification based on the ANN showed an overall accuracy of 52%, very close to that of SAM (48%). SAM applied using the training sites selected directly from the Hyperion imagery supported by the QuickBird image and the field visits returned an increase accuracy by 16%. Yet, all techniques appeared to suffer from the relatively low spatial resolution of the Hyperion imagery, which affected the spectral separation among the land use/cover classes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Digital Earth
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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