From 4-17 August 2008, the 6th Arctic Mars Analogue Svalbard Expedition (AMASE) 2008 will take place in the Svalbard archipelago, Norway, which is considered to be an excellent analogue site for early Mars. An international crew of scientists and engineers involved in Mars exploration will study the geology, geophysics, biosignatures, and life forms that can be found in the volcanic complexes, warm springs, subsurface ice, and sedimentary deposits of Svalbard by using instruments, a rover (NASA's CliffBot), and techniques that will/may be used in future planetary missions, such as NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) or ESA's ExoMars. For general performance testing in a representative environment prior to the ExoMars Payload Design Review and to investigate how the instruments can be best used to plan the first part of the ExoMars science strategy, ESA together with the Earth and Planetary Exploration Services (EPX) and the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) invited Pasteur Payload instrument teams to join the AMASE 2008 campaign. The PanCam, WISDOM, MIMA, and Raman-LIBS teams were finally selected to take part. Here, we report on AMASE 08 field test results of the Panoramic Camera system. PanCam is being developed as part of the Pasteur Exobiology Payload of the ExoMars rover. The ExoMars PanCam instrument will consist of two wide-angle cameras (WACs), which are to provide multispectral stereo images with 34° field-of-view (FOV) and a High-Resolution Channel (HRC) to provide monoscopic 'zoom' images with 5° field-of-view. Accordingly, the instrument to be used during AMASE 2008 will consist of two consumer wide angle cameras (1024x768 CCD, 33.4° FOV) and a breadboard of the ExoMars PanCam HRC (1024x1024 APS, 5° FOV, focus mechanism) mounted on a tripod. This setup will be used to perform multi-spectral geological imaging, colour and stereo panoramic and high-resolution imaging (as planned for ExoMars) in a Mars relevant context under very realistic conditions using realistic targets. Beyond demonstrating the feasibility of the PanCam design with respect to the ExoMars mission scientific objectives and overall science strategy, the technical results and operation experiences will greatly contribute to the successful development of the PanCam flight unit. Geological context and ground truth for PanCam images will come from HRSC-AX images of the AMASE 08 sites, provided by a DLR science team as part of a flight campaign over Svalbard to be carried out in June 2008. HRSC-AX is a multi-spectral and multi-stereo airborne pushbroom scanner (heritage comes from Mars Express HRSC). The camera system provides image data for the generation of digital ortho-images and digital surface models with an accuracy of 10 to 20 cm (depending on flight altitude).
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
|Event||10th Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation (ASTRA) - Noordwijk, Netherlands|
Duration: 11 Nov 2008 → 13 Nov 2008
|Conference||10th Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation (ASTRA)|
|Period||11 Nov 2008 → 13 Nov 2008|