ExoMol molecular line lists – XXIII. Spectra of PO and PS

Laxmi Prajapat, Pawel Jagoda, Lorenzo Lodi, Maire Gorman, Sergei N. Yurchenko, Jonathan Tennyson

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Comprehensive line lists for phosphorus monoxide (31P16O) and phosphorus monosulphide (31P32S) in their X2Π electronic ground state are presented. The line lists are based on new ab initio potential energy (PEC), spin–orbit (SOC) and dipole moment (DMC) curves computed using the MRCI+Q−r method with aug-cc-pwCV5Z and aug-cc-pV5Z basis sets. The nuclear motion equations (i.e. the rovibronic Schrödinger equations for each molecule) are solved using the program DUO. The PECs and SOCs are refined in least-squares fits to available experimental data. Partition functions, Q(T), are computed up to T = 5000 K, the range of validity of the line lists. These line lists are the most comprehensive available for either molecule. The characteristically sharp peak of the Q-branches from the spin–orbit split components gives useful diagnostics for both PO and PS in spectra at infrared wavelengths. These line lists should prove useful for analysing observations and setting up models of environments such as brown dwarfs, low-mass stars, O-rich circumstellar regions and potentially for exoplanetary retrievals. Since PS is yet to be detected in space, the role of the two lowest excited electronic states (a4Π and B2Π) are also considered. An approximate line list for the PS X–B electronic transition, which predicts a number of sharp vibrational bands in the near ultraviolet, is also presented. The line lists are available from the CDS (http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr) and ExoMol (www.exomol.com) data bases
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3648-3658
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters
Issue number3
Early online date30 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2017


  • molecular data - opacity
  • astronomical data bases: miscellaneous
  • planets and satellites: atmosphere
  • stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • stars: atmospheres


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