Experimental Cultures

Iwan Rhys Morus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter surveys the rise of laboratory science during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It shows how, during the nineteenth century, laboratories became distinct places of experiment and surveys the growth of university laboratories for teaching and for research across Europe and North America in particular during the second half of the century. The chapter investigates the increasing importance of experimental culture in physics in particular and the ways in which other scientific disciplines such as chemistry and physiology adopted and adapted to laboratory life. It looks at the place of laboratories in the growth of Big Science during the second half of the twentieth century and the further transformations in laboratory culture that entailed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford History of Science
EditorsIwan Rhys Morus
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9780192883995
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2023


  • Big Science
  • Chemistry
  • Experiment
  • Laboratories
  • Physics
  • Physiology


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