Exploring the Structure of High Temperature, Iron-bearing Liquids

Martin Wilding, Chris Benmore, Rick Weber, John Parise, Lena Lazareva, Lawrie Skinner, Oliver Alderman, Antony Tamalonis

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This paper describes the direct measurements of the structure of iron-bearing liquids using a combination of containerless techniques and in-situ high energy x-ray diffraction.These capabilities provide data that is important to help model and optimize processes such as smelting, steel making, and controlling slag chemistry. A successful programme of liquid studies has been undertaken and the Advanced Photon Source using these combined techniques which include the provision of gas mixing and the control of pO2and the changing influence of mixed valance elements. It is possible to combine rapid image acquisition with quenching of liquids to obtain the full diffraction patterns of deeply supercooled liquids and the metastable supercooled liquid regime, where the liquid structures and viscosity change most dramatically, can also be explored
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S358-S363
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Issue numberSupplement 2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2015


  • high energy x-ray diffraction
  • liquid structure
  • containerless techniques


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