Finger Millet: A "Certain" Crop for an "Uncertain" Future and a Solution to Food Insecurity and Hidden Hunger under Stressful Environments

Sanjay Mohan Gupta, Sandeep Arora, Neelofar Mirza, Anjali Pande, Charu Lata, Swati Puranik, J. Kumar, Anil Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

Crop growth and productivity has largely been vulnerable to various abiotic and biotic stresses that are only set to be compounded due to global climate change. Therefore developing improved varieties and designing newer approaches for crop improvement against stress tolerance have become a priority now-a-days. However, most of the crop improvement strategies are directed toward staple cereals such as rice, wheat, maize etc., whereas attention on minor cereals such as finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] lags far behind. It is an important staple in several semi-arid and tropical regions of the world with excellent nutraceutical properties as well as ensuring food security in these areas even during harsh environment. This review highlights the importance of finger millet as a model nutraceutical crop. Progress and prospects in genetic manipulation for the development of abiotic and biotic stress tolerant varieties is also discussed. Although limited studies have been conducted for genetic improvement of finger millets, its nutritional significance in providing minerals, calories and protein makes it an ideal model for nutrition-agriculture research. Therefore, improved genetic manipulation of finger millets for resistance to both abiotic and biotic stresses, as well as for enhancing nutrient content will be very effective in millet improvement
Original languageEnglish
Article number643
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • abiotic and biotic stress
  • genomics
  • finger millet
  • metabolomics
  • omics
  • phenomics
  • proteomics
  • transcriptomics

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