Footpoint excitation of standing acoustic waves in coronal loops

Y. Taroyan*, R. Erdélyi, J. G. Doyle, S. J. Bradshaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

65 Citations (SciVal)


A new theoretical model for the study of slow standing sausage mode oscillations in hot (T > 6 MK) active region coronal loops is presented. These oscillations are observed by the SUMER spectrometer on board the SoHO satellite. The model contains the transition region and the upper chromosphere which enables us to study the entire process of hot loop oscillations -from the impulsive footpoint excitation phase to the rapid damping phase. It is shown that standing acoustic waves can be excited by an impulsive heat deposition at the chromospheric footpoint of a loop if the duration of the pulse matches the fundamental mode period. The pulse is immediately followed by a standing wave consistent with the SUMER observations in hot loops. The amount of released energy determines the oscillation amplitude. The combined effects of thermal conduction and radiation on the behaviour of the standing acoustic waves in hot gravitationally stratified loops are investigated. In addition to damping, these effects lead to downflows which are superimposed on the oscillations. The implications of the results in coronal seismology are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-720
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005


  • Hydrodynamics
  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: atmosphere
  • Sun: oscillations


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