From the Sun to the Earth: The 13 May 2005 Coronal Mass Ejection

M. M. Bisi, A. R. Breen, B. V. Jackson, R. A. Fallows, A. P. Walsh, Z. Mikić, P. Riley, C. J. Owen, A. Gonzalez-Esparza, E. Aguilar-Rodriguez, H. Morgan, E. A. Jensen, A. G. Wood, M. J. Owens, M. Tokumaru, P. K. Manoharan, I. V. Chashei, A. S. Giunta, J. A. Linker, V. I. ShishovS. A. Tyul'Bashev, G. Agalya, S. K. Glubokova, M. S. Hamilton, K. Fujiki, P. P. Hick, J. M. Clover, B. Pintér

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Abstract

We report the results of a multi-instrument, multi-technique, coordinated study of the solar eruptive event of 13 May 2005. We discuss the resultant Earth-directed (halo) coronal mass ejection (CME), and the effects on the terrestrial space environment and upper Earth atmosphere.The interplanetary CME (ICME) impacted the Earth's magnetosphere and caused the most-intense geomagnetic storm of 2005 with a Disturbed Storm Time ( Dst) index reaching -263 nT at its peak. The terrestrial environment responded to the storm on a global scale. We have combined observations and measurements from coronal and interplanetary remote-sensing instruments, interplanetary and near-Earth in-situ measurements, remote-sensing observations and in-situ measurements of the terrestrial magnetosphere and ionosphere, along with coronal and heliospheric modelling. These analyses are used to trace the origin,development, propagation, terrestrial impact, and subsequent consequences of this event to obtain the most comprehensive view of ageo-effective solar eruption to date. This particular event is also part of a NASA-sponsored Living With a Star (LWS) study and an on-going USNSF-sponsored Solar, Heliospheric, and Interplanetary Environment(SHINE) community investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-127
Number of pages79
JournalSolar Physics
Volume265
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Active regions, magnetic fields
  • Corona, models
  • Corona, radio emission
  • Coronal mass ejections, initiation and propagation
  • Coronal mass ejections, interplanetary
  • Magnetic fields, interplanetary
  • Magnetic fields, models
  • Radio bursts, association with flares
  • Radio scintillation
  • Solar wind, disturbances
  • Sunspots, magnetic fields
  • Velocity fields, solar wind
  • X-ray bursts, association with flares

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