Genetic diversity of stay-green sorghums and their derivatives revealed by microsatellites

Isaac K. A. Galyuon, Catherine Howarth

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Abstract

Stay-green is an integrated drought adaptation trait that enhances the balance between the supply and demand of water, resulting in the retention of green leaves for longer periods during grain filling. The genetic variability of 28 sorghum genotypes of known senescence phenotype was investigated using 66 SSR markers well-distributed across the sorghum genome. The genotypes of a number of lines from breeding programmes for stay-green were also determined, including RSG 03123, a marker-assisted backcross progeny of R16 (recurrent parent) and B35 (stay-green donor). A total of 419 alleles were detected with a mean of 6.2 per locus. Chromosome SBI-10 had the highest mean number of alleles (8.33), while SBI-05 had the lowest (4.17). Most of the alleles from B35 in RSG 03123 were found on chromosomes SBI-01, SBI-02 and SBI-03, confirming the successful introgression of quantitative trait loci associated with stay-green from B35 into the senescent background R16. However, the alternative stay-green genetic sources were found to be distinct based on either all the SSRs employed or using only those associated with the stay-green trait in B35. These genetic sources of stay-green could provide a valuable resource for improving this trait in sorghum breeding programmes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1374
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume15
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • SSR markers
  • Sorghum
  • Stay-green
  • GENETIC DIVERSITY

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