Geochemistry of iodine in relation to iodine deficiency diseases

R. Fuge*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceeding (Non-Journal item)

25 Citations (Scopus)


Seawater is the most important reservoir for terrestrial iodine; this is a major influence on iodine distribution in the secondary environment. Volatilization of iodine from the oceans, possibility as elemental iodine or as an organically-bound species, is the main source of the element in the environment. The distribution of iodine in the secondary environment is, therefore, largely controlled by proximity to the oceans, with rainwater and surface run-off relatively enriched in iodine in near-coastal regions. Soil iodine content is also strongly influenced with coastal soils being much enriched and central continental soils being depleted. The soil's ability to retain iodine is also an important factor. Organic matter together with iron and aluminium oxides and clays are the important sinks of soil iodine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
PublisherGeological Society of America
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Publication series

NameGeological Society Special publication


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