Glacial isostatic adjustment associated with the Barents Sea ice sheet: A modelling inter-comparison

A. Auriac*, P. L. Whitehouse, M. J. Bentley, H. Patton, J. M. Lloyd, A. Hubbard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The 3D geometrical evolution of the Barents Sea Ice Sheet (BSIS), particularly during its late-glacial retreat phase, remains largely ambiguous due to the paucity of direct marine- and terrestrial-based evidence constraining its horizontal and vertical extent and chronology. One way of validating the numerous BSIS reconstructions previously proposed is to collate and apply them under a wide range of Earth models and to compare prognostic (isostatic) output through time with known relative sea-level (RSL) data. Here we compare six contrasting BSIS load scenarios via a spherical Earth system model and derive a best-fit, χ2 parameter using RSL data from the four main terrestrial regions within the domain: Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and northern Norway. Poor χ2 values allow two load scenarios to be dismissed, leaving four that agree well with RSL observations. The remaining four scenarios optimally fit the RSL data when combined with Earth models that have an upper mantle viscosity of 0.2–2 × 1021 Pa s, while there is less sensitivity to the lithosphere thickness (ranging from 71 to 120 km) and lower mantle viscosity (spanning 1–50 × 1021 Pa s). GPS observations are also compared with predictions of present-day uplift across the Barents Sea. Key locations where relative sea-level and GPS data would prove critical in constraining future ice-sheet modelling efforts are also identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-135
Number of pages14
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume147
Early online date17 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sept 2016

Keywords

  • Barents Sea
  • Glacial isostatic adjustment modelling
  • Ice sheet
  • Relative sea level

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