Graph Attention Based Spatial Temporal Network for EEG Signal Representation

James Msonda, Zhimin He, Chuan Lu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

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Graph attention networks (GATs) based architectures have proved to be powerful at implicitly learning relationships between adjacent nodes in a graph. For electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, however, it is also essential to highlight electrode locations or underlying brain regions which are active when a particular event related potential (ERP) is evoked. Moreover, it is often im-portant to identify corresponding EEG signal time segments within which the ERP is activated. We introduce a GAT Inspired Spatial Temporal (GIST) net-work that uses multilayer GAT as its base for three attention blocks: edge atten-tions, followed by node attention and temporal attention layers, which focus on relevant brain regions and time windows for better EEG signal classification performance, and interpretability. We assess the capability of the architecture by using publicly available Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (TES), neonatal pain (NP) and DREAMER EEG datasets. With these datasets, the model achieves competitive performance. Most importantly, the paper presents atten-tion visualisation and suggests ways of interpreting them for EEG signal under-standing.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sept 2023
EventThe 22nd UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence - Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Duration: 06 Sept 202308 Sept 2023
Conference number: 22


ConferenceThe 22nd UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence
Abbreviated titleUKCI 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Period06 Sept 202308 Sept 2023
Internet address


  • EEG
  • Interpretable machine learning
  • Graph neural networks
  • Attention mechanism
  • EEG signals classification
  • affective computing


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