Graphene Covalently Modified by DNA G-Base

Fan Zhang, Huaqiang Cao*, Dongmei Yue, Zhongfu Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We report here the synthesis and characterization of DNA base guanine (G) covalently modified graphene (termed as GMG) hybrid nanostructures, where for the first time, guanine is covalently attached to graphene nanosheets via a reaction between -NH2 group of guanine and GOCl generated from SOCl2, reacted with -COOH group of graphene oxide (GO). The hybrid GMG nanostructures have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. GMG has about one guanine group per 20 carbon atoms on graphene sheets based on XPS analysis. UV-vis spectroscopy of GMG shows weaker peaks centered at 208 and 277 nm, suggesting that the covalent bond between GO and guanine moiety has perturbed the electronic state of the graphene sheets. The electrochemical properties of CMG have been studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurement, which presents enhanced supercapacitive behavior compared with GO and long-term stability and reversibility, as well as excellent solubility in organic solvents, allowing it to have potential applications in nanoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3513-3519
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number7
Early online date17 Jan 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • COMPOSITE
  • FABRICATION
  • ADENINE
  • NANOSHEETS
  • FUNCTIONALIZED GRAPHENES
  • ELECTRODE
  • PERFORMANCE
  • GUANINE
  • MONOLAYER
  • GRAPHITE OXIDES

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