Holevo-Ordering and the Continuous-Time Limit for Open Floquet Dynamics

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We consider an atomic beam reservoir as a source of quantum noise. The atoms are modelled as two-state systems and interact one-at-a-time with the system. The Floquet operators are described in terms of the Fermionic creation, annihilation and number operators associated with the two-state atom. In the limit where the time between interactions goes to zero and the interaction is suitably scaled, we show that we may obtain a causal (that is, adapted) quantum stochastic differential equation of Hudson—Parthasarathy type, driven by creation, annihilation and conservation processes. The effect of the Floquet operators in the continuous limit is exactly captured by the Holevo ordered form for the stochastic evolution
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-221
Number of pages15
JournalLetters in Mathematical Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004


  • continuous measurement
  • quantum probability
  • stochastic limit


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