Hybrid chemical enhanced oil recovery techniques: A simulation study

Haiyan Zhou, Afshin Davarpanah

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Simultaneous utilization of surfactant and preformed particle gel (henceforth; PPG) flooding on the oil recovery enhancement has been widely investigated as a preferable enhanced oil recovery technique after the polymer flooding. In this paper, a numerical model is developed to simulate the profound impact of hybrid chemical enhanced oil recovery methods (PPG/polymer/surfactant) in sandstone reservoirs. Moreover, the gel particle conformance control is considered in the developed model after polymer flooding performances on the oil recovery enhancement. To validate the developed model, two sets of experimental field data from Daqing oil field (PPG conformance control after polymer flooding) and Shengli oil field (PPG-surfactant flooding after polymer flooding) are used to check the reliability of the model. Combination of preformed gel particles, polymers and surfactants due to the deformation, swelling, and physicochemical properties of gel particles can mobilize the trapped oil through the porous media to enhance oil recovery factor by blocking the high permeable channels. As a result, PPG conformance control plays an essential role in oil recovery enhancement. Furthermore, experimental data of PPG/polymer/surfactant flooding in the Shengli field and its comparison with the proposed model indicated that the model and experimental field data are in a good agreement. Consequently, the coupled model of surfactant and PPG flooding after polymer flooding performances has led to more recovery factor rather than the basic chemical recovery techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1086
Number of pages12
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2020


  • Chemical flooding
  • Conformance control
  • Oil recovery factor
  • Polymer flooding
  • Preformed particle gel (ppg)


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