Identification of a lineage negative cell population in bovine peripheral blood with the ability to mount a strong type I interferon response

Amanda Gibson, Suhel Miah, Philip Griebel, Joe Brownlie, Dirk Werling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lineage negative dendritic cells, or natural interferon-producing cells (NIPC), also referred to as plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) constitute a small population of leukocytes secreting high levels of type I interferon (IFNα/β) in response to certain danger signals. Here, we provide initial data towards the identification of so far uncharacterised circulating bovine pDC like cells. A lineage negative cell population (LIN - cells) was isolated from PBMC which showed characteristics similar to that of pDC in other species. Isolated LIN - cells presented lymphoid morphology with a semi-crescent nucleus, extensive ER and Golgi network; indicative of pDC. In addition phenotypic analysis of LIN - cells described them as distinct from other bovine DC subsets; expressing both lymphoid and myeloid surface markers. LIN - cells did not express lineage specific markers, but were MHC class II +, CD45RO +, CD80/86 +, CD6 +, WC1 +, CD26 + and expressed the myeloid markers CD205, CD172a and CD11a. In keeping with pDC, LIN - cells express TLR7 mRNA transcripts; however, in a resting state do not express TLR8 or TLR9. Functionally, LIN - cells, but not PBMC, monocytes and monocyte derived DC produce large amounts of IFNα/β in response to different CpG oligonucleotides. Taken together, we present data suggesting that an enriched circulating population of bovine LIN - cells are uniquely capable of producing IFNα/β in response to CpG oligonucleotides and thus this population likely contain the functional equivalent of bovine pDC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-341
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume36
Issue number2
Early online date31 May 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Bovine
  • IFNα/β
  • PDC
  • Plasmacytoid
  • TLR

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of a lineage negative cell population in bovine peripheral blood with the ability to mount a strong type I interferon response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this