Identification of Low Coronal Sources of "Stealth" Coronal Mass Ejections Using New Image Processing Techniques

Nathalia Alzate, Huw Morgan

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Abstract

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are generally associated with low coronal signatures (LCSs), such as flares, filament eruptions, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) waves, or jets. A number of recent studies have reported the existence of stealth CMEs as events without LCSs, possibly due to observational limitations. Our study focuses on a set of 40 stealth CMEs identified from a study by D’Huys et al. New image processing techniques are applied to high-cadence, multi-instrument sets of images spanning the onset and propagation time of each of these CMEs to search for possible LCSs. Twenty-three of these events are identified as small, low-mass, unstructured blobs or puffs, often occurring in the aftermath of a large CME, but associated with LCSs such as small flares, jets, or filament eruptions. Of the larger CMEs, seven are associated with jets and eight with filament eruptions. Several of these filament eruptions are different from the standard model of an erupting filament/flux tube in that they are eruptions of large, faint flux tubes that seem to exist at large heights for a long time prior to their slow eruption. For two of these events, we see an eruption in Large Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph C2 images and the consequent changes at the bottom edge of the eruption in EUV images. All 40 events in our study are associated with some form of LCS. We conclude that stealth CMEs arise from observational and processing limitations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume840
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2017

Keywords

  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: coronal mass ejections: CMEs
  • Sun: filaments
  • prominences
  • Sun: flares

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