Identification of quantitative trait loci and candidate genes for cadmium tolerance in Populus

Brahma Reddy Induri, Danielle R. Ellis, G. T. Slavov, Tongming Yin, Xinye Zhang, Wellington Muchero, Gerald A. Tuskan, Stephen P. Difazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Understanding genetic variation for the response of Populus to heavy metals like cadmium (Cd) is an important step in elucidating the underlying mechanisms of tolerance. In this study, a pseudo-backcross pedigree of Populus trichocarpa Torr. & Gray and Populus deltoides Bart. was characterized for growth and performance traits after Cd exposure. A total of 16 quantitative trait loci (QTL) at logarithm of odds (LOD) ratio ≥ 2.5 were detected for total dry weight, its components and root volume. Major QTL for Cd responses were mapped to two different linkage groups and the relative allelic effects were in opposing directions on the two chromosomes, suggesting differential mechanisms at these two loci. The phenotypic variance explained by Cd QTL ranged from 5.9 to 11.6% and averaged 8.2% across all QTL. A whole-genome microarray study led to the identification of nine Cd-responsive genes from these QTL. Promising candidates for Cd tolerance include an NHL repeat membrane-spanning protein, a metal transporter and a putative transcription factor. Additional candidates in the QTL intervals include a putative homolog of a glutamate cysteine ligase, and a glutathione-S-transferase. Functional characterization of these candidate genes should enhance our understanding of Cd metabolism and transport and phytoremediation capabilities of Populus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-638
JournalTree Physiology
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2012

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