Immunisation with ID83 fusion protein induces antigen-specific cell mediated and humoral immune responses in cattle

Gareth J. Jones*, Sabine Steinbach, Derek Clifford, Susan L. Baldwin, Gregory C. Ireton, Rhea N. Coler, Steven G. Reed, H. Martin Vordermeier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In this study we have investigated the potential of mycobacterial proteins as candidate subunit vaccines for bovine tuberculosis. In addition, we have explored the use of TLR-ligands as potential adjuvants in cattle. In vitro screening assays with whole blood from Mycobacterium bovis-infected and BCG-vaccinated cattle demonstrated that fusion protein constructs were most commonly recognised, and the ID83 fusion protein was selected for further immunisation studies. Furthermore, glucopyranosyl lipid A (GLA) and resiquimod (R848), agonists for TLR4 and TLR7/8 respectively, stimulated cytokine production (IL-12, TNF-α, MIP-1β and IL-10) in bovine dendritic cell cultures, and these were formulated as novel oil-in-water emulsions (GLA-SE and R848-SE) for immunisation studies. Immunisation with ID83 in a water-in-oil emulsion adjuvant (ISA70) induced both cell mediated and humoral immune responses, as characterised by antigen-specific IFN-γ production, cell proliferation, IgG1 and IgG2 antibody production. In comparison, ID83 immunisation with the novel adjuvants induced weaker (ID83/R848-SE) or no (ID83/GLA-SE) antigen-specific IFN-γ production and cell proliferation. However, both did induce ID83-specific antibody production, which was restricted to IgG1 antibody isotype. Overall, these results provide encouraging preliminary data for the further development of ID83 in vaccine strategies for bovine TB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5250-5255
Number of pages6
JournalVaccine
Volume31
Issue number45
Early online date05 Sept 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Adjuvants
  • Bovine tuberculosis
  • Mycobacterium bovis
  • Vaccine

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