Incentive-Based Schema Using Game Theory in 5/6G Cellular Network for Sustainable Communication System

Muhammad Asif, Eid Rehman*, Tahir Saleem, Muhammad Abid, Muhammad Habib, Muhammad Aslam, Syeda Fizzah Jilani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)
56 Downloads (Pure)


Due to the technological advancement in cellular networks, massive data traffic appends to the existing digital technologies. These emerging digital technologies face quality of service (QoS) challenges, particularly when it comes to maintaining the tradeoffs between customers and service providers. The cellular service providers are trying to meet the needs of end users by handling four substantially different types of data, i.e., Real Time, Video, Audio, and Text, with each type having its own requirements. To achieves an efficient QoS, different incentive-based algorithms were proposed. However, these schemes do not ensure a fair distribution of profit among the mobile network operator and access points. Furthermore, these schemes do not provide efficient QoS to the end user and cannot ensure a fair distribution of channels in crowning time. We propose an incentive-based scheme using game theory and two-stage Stackelberg approach for integrated data, offloading the decision-making process in a heterogeneous network. A single mobile base station and some integrated access points in a crowded metropolitan area are modeled in our proposed scheme. This station offers an economic incentive based on traffic types, and access points compete with each other to earn incentives for offload traffic. A mathematical game is derived to analyze the real-world scenario through simulation. The experimental method is applied to validate the numerical outcomes by comparing the results with other models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10163
Number of pages20
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2022


  • cellular networks
  • digital technologies
  • game theory
  • Stackelberg approach
  • Nash equilibrium


Dive into the research topics of 'Incentive-Based Schema Using Game Theory in 5/6G Cellular Network for Sustainable Communication System'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this