Increased SBPase activity improves photosynthesis and grain yield in wheat grown in greenhouse conditions

Steven M. Driever, Andrew J. Simkin, Saqer Alotaibi, Stuart J. Fisk, Pippa J. Madgwick, Caroline A Sparks, Huw Jones, Tracy Lawson, Martin A. J. Parry, Christine A. Raines

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Abstract

To meet the growing demand for food, substantial improvements in yields are needed. This is particularly the case for wheat, where global yield has stagnated in recent years. Increasing photosynthesis has been identified as a primary target to achieve yield improvements. To increase leaf photosynthesis in wheat, the level of the Calvin-Benson cycle enzyme sedoheptulose-1,7-biphosphatase (SBPase) has been increased through transformation and expression of a Brachypodium dystachion SBPase gene construct. Transgenic lines with increased SBPase protein levels and activity were grown under greenhouse conditions and showed enhanced leaf photosynthesis and increased total biomass and dry seed yield. This showed the potential of improving yield potential by increasing leaf photosynthesis in a crop species such as wheat. The results are discussed with regards to future strategies for further improvement of photosynthesis in wheat.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20160384
Number of pages10
JournalPhilosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences
Volume372
Issue number1730
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • sedoheptulose-1
  • 7-biphosphatase
  • Calvin-Benson cycle
  • transgenic
  • biomass
  • yield

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