Interspecific and intraspecific variation in grain and groat characteristics of wild oat (Avena) species: Very high groat (1 → 3), (1 → 4)-β-D-glucan in an Avena atlantica genotype

R. W. Welch, J. C. W. Brown, J. M. Leggett

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Abstract

Grain characteristics and groat composition have been evaluated in 35 genotypes from nine taxonomic species of Avena, including three species (A. agadiriana, A. atlantica, A. damascena) for which no previous data are available. There was substantial interspecific and intraspecific variation for all characteristics measured. The proportion of groat in the grain ranged from 32·7–62·1%, and mean groat weight from 2·4–37·4 mg. Groat protein concentrations ranged from 13·9–41·3%, and exceeded 32% in one A. atlantica, two A. damascena and one A. murphyi genotype. Groat β-glucan concentration showed very wide variation (2·2–11·3%) are there were substantial interspecific and intraspecific differences. The highest β-glucan concentrations were found in genotypes of A. atlantica. Although there were interspecific and intraspecific variations in groat oil concentration (4·2–10·6%), and in fatty acid composition, data were within previously reported ranges for A. sativa. Overall these data indicate that some of the genotypes of the wild species studied may be of value for breeding oats with improved levels of β-glucan and protein, and that further studies are warranted into both interspecific and intraspecific variations in grain quality factors in wild oat species
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-279
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fatty acids
  • Oat gum
  • Oil
  • Protein

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