Isolation and characterization of hemicellulose B and cellulose from pressure refined wheat straw

Runcang Sun, J. Mark Lawther, W. B. Banks

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Abstract

The hemicellulose and cellulose were extracted with 24% KOH and 2% boric acid at 20°C for 2 h from pressure refined wheat straw holocellulose. The yields were 26.2-28.4% and 41.8-43.0%, respectively. The hemicellulosic material was further fractionated into hemicellulosic type A-C. The contents of neutral sugars, uronic acids and molecular-average weights of hemicellulosic fractions B were measured. Xylose was the major sugar in the hemicellulosic fractions, while galactose and glucose were the minor constituents and arabinose appeared in noticeable amounts. The contents of phenolic acids and aldehydes, obtained by alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation, in hemicellulose B were 0.33 (> 300 μm TMP fiber) and 0.49% (≤ 300 μm TMP fiber), respectively. The methylation analysis and 13C NMR measurement showed that hemicellulose B, isolated from pressure refined wheat straw (> 300 μm TMP fiber), appeared to be essentially a (1 → 4) linked β-D-xylan with 4-O-methyl-α-D-glucopyranosyluronic acid attached at position 2, while L-arabinofuranosyl and D-xylopyranosyl groups attached at position 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-128
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume7
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Hemicellulose B
  • Methylation
  • Molecular weight
  • NMR
  • Phenolic acids and aldehydes
  • Pressure refining
  • Sugars
  • Wheat straw

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