3-epi-Casuarine, the first naturally occurring stereoisomer of casuarine, was isolated from Myrtus communis L. The glycosidase inhibition profile and NMR spectra of 3-epi-casuarine are compared with those of casuarine; the change in configuration at one of the six stereogenic centres causes a dramatic change in the conformation of the bicyclic system. The key step in the 6% overall yield synthesis of 3-epi-casuarine from d-gluconolactone is the efficient cyclization of a completely unprotected pentahydroxyaminomesylate to the pyrrolizidine nucleus. A low yield synthesis of casuarine is also reported.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Oct 2006|