Less can be more: loss of MHC functional diversity can reflect adaptation to novel conditions during fish invasions

Catalina Monzon-Arguello, Carlos Garcia de Leaniz, Gonzalo Gajardo, Sonia Consuegra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (SciVal)
139 Downloads (Pure)


The ability of invasive species to adapt to novel conditions depends on population size and environmental mismatch, but also on genetic variation. Away from their native range, invasive species confronted with novel selective pressures may display different levels of neutral vs. functional genetic variation. Yet, the majority of invasion studies have only examined genetic variation at neutral markers, which may reveal little about how invaders adapt to novel environments. Salmonids are good model systems to examine adaptation to novel pressures because they have been translocated all over the world and represent major threats to freshwater biodiversity in the Southern Hemisphere, where they have become invasive. We examined patterns of genetic differentiation at seven putatively neutral (microsatellites) loci and one immune-related (MHC class II-β) locus among introduced rainbow trout living in captivity (farmed) or under natural conditions (naturalised) in Chilean Patagonia. A significant positive association was found between differentiation at neutral and functional markers, highlighting the role of neutral evolutionary forces in shaping genetic variation at immune-related genes in salmonids. However, functional (MHC) genetic diversity (but not microsatellite diversity) decreased with time spent in the wild since introduction, suggesting that there was selection against alleles associated with captive rearing of donor populations that do not provide an advantage in the wild. Thus, although high genetic diversity may initially enhance fitness in translocated populations, it does not necessarily reflect invasion success, as adaptation to novel conditions may result in rapid loss of functional MHC diversity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3359-3368
Number of pages10
JournalEcology and Evolution
Issue number10
Early online date22 Aug 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • Aquaculture escapes
  • biological invasions
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • rainbow trout
  • rapid evolution
  • selection


Dive into the research topics of 'Less can be more: loss of MHC functional diversity can reflect adaptation to novel conditions during fish invasions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this