Mammographic Segmentation and Density Classification: A Fractal Inspired Approach

Wenda He, Sam Harvey, Arne Juette, Erika R. E. Denton, Reyer Zwiggelaar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (SciVal)


Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women. To date, the exact cause(s) of breast cancer still remains unknown. The most effective way to tackle the disease is early detection through breast screening programmes. Breast density is a well established image based risk factor. An accurate dense breast tissue segmentation can play a vital role in precise identification of women at risk, and determining appropriate measures for disease prevention. Fractal techniques have been used in many biomedical image processing applications with varying degrees of success. This paper describes a fractal inspired approach to mammographic tissue segmentation. A multiresolution stack representation and 3D histogram features (extended from 2D) are proposed. Quantitative and qualitative evaluation was performed including mammographic tissue segmentation and density classification. Results showed that the developed methodology was able to differentiate between breast tissue variations. The achieved density classification accuracy for 360 digital mammograms is 78 % based on the BI-RADS scheme. The developed fractal inspired approach in conjunction with the stack representation and 3D histogram features has demonstrated an ability to produce quality mammographic tissue segmentation. This in turn can be found useful in early breast cancer detection, risk-stratified screening, and aiding radiologists in the process of decision making prior to surgery and/or treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBreast Imaging
Subtitle of host publication13th International Workshop, IWDM 2016
EditorsAnders Tingberg, Kristina Lång, Pontus Timberg
PublisherSpringer Nature
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-41546-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-41545-1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2016
EventProceedings 13th International Workshop, IWDM 2016 - Malmö, Sweden
Duration: 19 Jun 201622 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


ConferenceProceedings 13th International Workshop, IWDM 2016
Period19 Jun 201622 Jun 2016


  • fractal
  • mammographic tissue segmentation
  • mammorgraphic density classification
  • Tabár


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