Electron microscopy of whole-mount surface-spread synaptonemal complex complements and conventional light microscopy of chromosomes at first metaphase of meiosis were used to compare the relative frequencies of pairing configurations at the two stages in inbred autotetraploid rye (Secale cereale L.). Statistical tests showed significantly fewer multivalents at first metaphase than expectations based on random initiation of synapsis at each telomeric site within each group of four homologues. Direct observations of synaptic behaviour of chromosomes showed that this deviation is due primarily to a preponderance of bivalents during zygotene and pachytene. It is also the result of a significant drop in multivalent frequency from meiotic prophase to metaphase I, which is attributable both to a lack of chiasmata with which to consolidate multivalents and inhibition of chiasma formation in synaptonemal complex segments of multivalents that are nonhomologous.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Feb 1993|
- synaptonemal complex