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Correlation of tephra deposits frequently relies on the analysis of glass shards separated from their host. Small shards from distal deposits (marine-, ice-or lake-cores, peat bogs) are difficult to analyse. Here current methods for glass shard analysis from (particularly) marine tephra deposits are reviewed. These methods apply equally to other distal deposits, where linking repositories of climatic information is central to many research programmes. Electron probe microanalysis is used widely to determine the major element compositions of volcanic glass. However, electron beam irradiation causes permanent damage to glass, especially hydrated or silica- and alkali-rich compositions. Recent developments have shown that reliable data is obtained with beam diameters >3 mu m on basaltic or moderately hydrated rhyolitic glass, provided low electron beam current densities are used. For robust correlation of tephra deposits from different environments, it is recommended that analytical data are normalized to an anhydrous basis. Glass trace element analysis is commonly performed by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, which determines approx. 30 elements at, 1 ppm from ablation craters 10 mu m diameter, and although element fractionation occurs, it can be corrected. Recent developments in both methods should facilitate analysis of smaller, more distal material, expanding the geographical range over which reliable tephra correlations can be achieved.
|Title of host publication
|W. E. N. Austin, P. M. Abbott, S. M. Davies, N. J. G. Pearce, S. Wastegard
|Geological Society of London
|Number of pages
|Published - 27 Feb 2014
|Geological Society of London Meeting on Marine Tephrochronology - London
Duration: 26 Oct 2011 → …
|Geological Society Special Publication
|GEOLOGICAL SOC PUBLISHING HOUSE
|Geological Society of London Meeting on Marine Tephrochronology
|26 Oct 2011 → …
- ELECTRON-MICROPROBE ANALYSIS
- VOLCANIC ASH LAYERS
- ALKALI ALUMINOSILICATE GLASSES
- TRACE-ELEMENT ANALYSIS
- ISOTOPE STAGES 4
- VEDDE ASH
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Microbeam methods for the analysis of glass in fine-grained tephra deposits: A SMART perspective on current and future trends'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Finished
Martin-Jones, C. M.
03 Oct 2012 → 02 Apr 2016
Project: Externally funded research