Modelling Sex-Specific Crossover Patterning in Arabidopsis

Andrew Lloyd, Eric Jenczewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

“Interference” is a major force governing the patterning of meiotic crossovers. A leading model describing how interference influences crossover patterning is the beam-film model, a mechanical model based on the accumulation and redistribution of crossover-promoting “stress” along the chromosome axis. We use the beam-film model in conjunction with a large Arabidopsis reciprocal backcross data set to gain “mechanistic” insights into the differences between male and female meiosis, and crossover patterning. Beam-film modeling suggests that the underlying mechanics of crossover patterning and interference are identical in the two sexes, with the large difference in recombination rates and distributions able to be entirely explained by the shorter chromosome axes in females. The modeling supports previous indications that fewer crossovers occur via the class II pathway in female meiosis and that this could be explained by reduced DNA double-strand breaks in female meiosis, paralleling the observed reduction in synaptonemal complex length between the two sexes. We also demonstrate that changes in the strength of suppression of neighboring class I crossovers can have opposite effects on “effective” interference depending on the distance between two genetic intervals
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-859
Number of pages13
JournalGenetics
Volume211
Issue number3
Early online date22 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • recombination
  • crossovers
  • interference
  • beam-film
  • sex-specific
  • Beam-film
  • Recombination
  • Interference
  • Crossovers
  • Sex-specific
  • Crossing Over, Genetic
  • Arabidopsis/genetics
  • Meiosis
  • Chromosomes, Plant/genetics
  • Gametogenesis, Plant
  • Models, Genetic

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