Multisite haplotype on cattle chromosome 3 is associated with quantitative trait locus effects on lactation traits

Miri Cohen-Zinder, Ravikiran Donthu, Denis M. Larkin, Charu G. Kumar, Sandra Rodriguez-Zas, Kalista E. Andropolis, Rosane Oliveira, Harris A. Lewin

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11 Citations (SciVal)


The goal of this study was to identify candidate genes and DNA polymorphisms for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), and protein yield (PY) previously mapped to bovine chromosome 3 (BTA3). To accomplish this, 373 half-siblings sired by three bulls previously shown to be segregating for lactation trait QTL, and 263 additional sires in the U.S. Dairy Bull DNA Repository (DBDR) were genotyped for 2,500 SNPs within a 16.3 Mbp QTL critical region on BTA3. Targeted resequencing of ∼1.8 Mbp within the QTL critical region of one of the QTL heterozygous sires identified additional polymorphisms useful for association studies. Twenty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within a fine-mapped region were associated with effects on breeding values for MY, FY, or PY in DBDR sires, of which five SNPs were in strong linkage disequilibrium in the population. This multisite haplotype included SNPs located within exons or promoters of four tightly linked genes: RAP1A, ADORA3, OVGP1, and C3H1orf88. An SNP within RAP1A showed strong evidence of a recent selective sweep based on integrated haplotype score and was also associated with breeding value for PY. Because of its known function in alveolar lumen formation in the mammary gland, RAP1A is thus a strong candidate gene for QTL effects on lactation traits. Our results provide a detailed assessment of a QTL region that will be a useful guide for complex traits analysis in humans and other noninbred species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1197
Number of pages13
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Issue number21
Early online date06 Sept 2011
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2011


  • genes
  • single nucleotide polymorphisms
  • RAP1A
  • milk


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