Nomenclatural status of the palaeobotanical "artificial taxa" established in brongniart's 1822 "classification" paper

C. J. Cleal, Barry Thomas

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Brongniart’s 1822 paper “Sur la classification et la distribution des végétaux fossils” was one of the most important early contributions to palaeobotany, especially in its treatment of how to name and classify plant fossils. Twenty four genera / sections were named in this work. Seven of these names have been supressed for nomenclatural or taxonomic reasons (Exogenites, Clatharia, Sagenaria, Filicites, Phyllites, Poacites, Carpolithes), and four are difficult to use because of problems with typification and / or diagnosis of the taxa (Endogenites, Culmites, Fucoides, Antholithes). However, many of the remaining names are still in widespread use, albeit not always correctly, notably Calamites, Sigillaria, Stigmaria, Sphenopteris, Neuropteris, Pecopteris, Odontopteris, Sphenophyllum, Glossopteris, Asterophyllites, albeit with altered orthographies or conserved with different types. © 2018, Sciendo. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-28
Number of pages20
JournalFossil Imprint
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Brongniart
  • fossil taxa
  • palaeobotany


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