Northeast African temperature variability since the Late Pleistocene

Shannon E. Loomis, James M. Russell, Henry Lamb

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Abstract

The development and application of lacustrine paleotemperature proxies based on microbial membrane lipid structures, including the TEX86 and branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (brGDGT) paleothermometers, have greatly advanced our understanding of the late-glacial and postglacial temperature history of Africa. However, the currently available records are from equatorial and southern hemisphere sites, limiting our understanding of the spatial patterns of temperature change. Here we use the brGDGT paleotemperature proxy to reconstruct Late Pleistocene and Holocene temperatures from Lake Tana, Ethiopia (12°N, 37°E). Following the termination of Heinrich Stadial 1 at ~ 15 ka, Lake Tana experienced a 3.7 °C oscillation over 1.2 ky. Temperatures then increased abruptly by nearly 7 °C between 13.8 and 13.0 ka, followed by a slow warming trend that peaked during the mid Holocene. Temperatures subsequently cooled from ~ 6 ka to ~ 0.4 ka. These data indicate that temperature at Lake Tana was sensitive to climate changes caused by variations in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the Late Pleistocene, as well as to regional hydroclimatic changes and reorganizations of the monsoons. Our record suggests that late-glacial temperature changes in northeast Africa were linked to high-latitude northern hemispheric climate processes, but that subsequent post-glacial temperature variations were strongly influenced by tropical hydrology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-90
Number of pages11
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume423
Early online date08 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • East Africa
  • GDGT
  • Holocene
  • Lake Tana
  • Paleotemperature
  • Tropical paleoclimate

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