Novel cobalt-free CO2-tolerant dual-phase membranes of Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ –Ba0.95La0.05Fe1−xZrxO3−δ for oxygen separation

Hongwei Cheng, Longfei Luo, Weilin Yao, Xionggang Lu, Xingli Zou, Zhongfu Zhou

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A novel series of cobalt-free dense oxygen-permeable dual-phase membranes with a composition of 60 wt% Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ–40 wt% Ba0.95La0.05Fe1−xZrxO3−δ (SDC–BLFZ, x = 0–0.20) are successfully developed and systematically evaluated as potential oxygen transport membranes for oxy-fuel combustion. The effects of substituting zirconium for iron on the structural characteristics, oxygen permeability, and CO2 resistance of these membranes are studied. Experimental results show that appropriate doping of zirconium slightly decreases the oxygen permeability of the SDC–BLFZ membranes under helium but significantly enhances the structural stability and CO2 tolerance. For the sample with x = 0.15, a stable oxygen permeation flux of 0.24 ml min−1 cm−2 was achieved at 925 °C for a 1.0 mm thick membrane with CO2 as the sweep gas for more than 80 h. This flux value is only 19% lower than that under an air/He gradient, which is much better than that obtained with most alkaline-metal-containing composite dual-phase membranes. The enhanced CO2 tolerance of the Zr-doped SDC–BLFZ membranes is attributed to the declining basicity of BLFZ induced by the substitution of Fe by Zr, as revealed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The stable oxygen permeability of the SDC–BLFZ membranes under CO2 demonstrates the potential application of SDC–BLFZ in oxy-fuel combustion technology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-229
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Early online date06 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2015


  • oxygen permeation
  • dual-phase membrane
  • CO2-tolerance
  • basicity
  • zirconium


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