On artificial immune systems and swarm intelligence

Jon Timmis*, Paul Andrews, Emma Hart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (SciVal)


This position paper explores the nature and role of two bio-inspired paradigms, namely Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) and Swarm Intelligence (SI). We argue that there are many aspects of AIS that have direct parallels with SI and examine the role of AIS and SI in science and also in engineering, with the primary focus being on the immune system. We explore how in some ways, algorithms from each area are similar, but we also advocate, and explain, that rather than being competitors, AIS and SI are complementary tools and can be used effectively together to solve complex engineering problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-273
Number of pages27
JournalSwarm Intelligence
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Artificial immune systems
  • Immunology
  • Swarm intelligence
  • Swarm robotics


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