Origin and Fate of Vanadium in the Hazeltine Creek Catchment following the 2014 Mount Polley Mine Tailings Spill in British Columbia, Canada

Karen A. Hudson-Edwards, Patrick Byrne, Graham Bird, Paul Brewer, Ian Burke, Heather Jamieson, Mark Macklin, Richard Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (SciVal)
273 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Results from the analysis of aqueous and solid-phase V speciation within samples collected from the Hazeltine Creek catchment affected by the August 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings dam failure in British Columbia, Canada, are presented. Electron microprobe and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis found that V is present as V 3+ substituted into magnetite and V 3+ and V 4+ substituted into titanite, both of which occur in the spilled Mount Polley tailings. Secondary Fe oxyhydroxides forming in inflow waters and on creek beds have V K-edge XANES spectra exhibiting E1/2 positions and pre-edge features consistent with the presence of V 5+ species, suggesting sorption of this species on these secondary phases. PHREEQC modeling suggests that the stream waters mostly contain V 5+ and the inflow and pore waters contain a mixture of V 3+ and V 5+. These data, and stream, inflow, and pore water chemical data, suggest that dissolution of V(III)-bearing magnetite, V(III)- and V(IV)-bearing titanite, V(V)-bearing Fe(-Al-Si-Mn) oxhydroxides, and V-bearing Al(OH) 3 and/or clay minerals may have occurred. In the circumneutral pH environment of Hazeltine Creek, elevated V concentrations are likely naturally attenuated by formation of V(V)-bearing secondary Fe oxyhydroxide, Al(OH) 3, or clay mineral colloids, suggesting that the V is not bioavailable. A conceptual model describing the origin and fate of V in Hazeltine Creek that is applicable to other river systems is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4088-4098
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume53
Issue number8
Early online date04 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Vanadium
  • Mount Polley
  • tailings
  • magnetite
  • titanity
  • XANES
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • British Columbia
  • Minerals
  • Rivers

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Origin and Fate of Vanadium in the Hazeltine Creek Catchment following the 2014 Mount Polley Mine Tailings Spill in British Columbia, Canada'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this