The low ionization state in parts of a sunspot may play an important role in its evolution and dynamical state. The cool magnetic interior region of the umbra develops a substantial neutral atomic and molecular hydrogen osmotic pressure which can drive a wind outward from the umbra. Ambipolar diffusion against the magnetically pinned ionized plasma component can also distort the umbral magnetic field into a filamentary penumbral structure. This wind can contribute to the development of the sunspot penumbra and the Evershed flow.
|Publication status||Published - 01 Dec 2006|