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Salt stress is a major environmental threat to meeting the food demands of an increasing global population. The identification and exploitation of salt adaption mechanisms in plants are therefore vital for crop breeding. We here define the rice mutant (sstm1) whose salt sensitivity was unambiguously assigned to a single T-DNA insertion through segregational analysis following backcrossing to the wild type line. Insertion was within OsTSD2, which encoded a pectin methyltransferase. The sstm1 and allelic mutants, collectively known as tsd2, displayed higher content of Na + and lower level of K + in the shoot, which is likely to lead to reduced salt tolerance. Molecular analysis revealed reduced expression of the genes maintaining K + /Na + homeostasis in tsd2, including OsHKT1;5, OsSOS1, and OsKAT1. Furthermore, OsTSD2 influenced ion distribution between the hull and the rice seed, which could improve food safety with heavy metal pollution. Amino acid levels tended to be increased in tsd2 mutants, implicating a role of pectin in the regulation of metabolism. Taken together, we have demonstrated an important facet of salt tolerance, which implicated OsTSD2-mediated cell wall pectin modification as a key component that could be widely applied in crop science.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Plant, Cell and Environment|
|Early online date||07 Dec 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 01 May 2019|
- cell wall modification
- pectin methylation
- salt stress
- ion homeostasis
- Genes, Plant
- Salt Tolerance/genetics
- Cell Wall/metabolism
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- 1 Finished
A China-UK consortium to reduce environmental pollution with novel grass varieties
Humphreys, M., Scullion, J., Doonan, J., Han, J. & Mur, L.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
02 Aug 2015 → 01 Aug 2019
Project: Externally funded research