Ovule abortion in white clover (Trifolium repens L.)

A. H. Marshall, I. R. James, J. F. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Plants of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) cv. Olwen were grown in an open glasshouse maintained at a mean temperature of 20°C and ovule growth and seed production measured. Differences in the rate of growth of ovules within ovaries were observed as early as 2 days after pollination. Ovules reached a maximum size after g days with the smallest only half the size of the largest. After 8 days, the smallest ovules became flaccid and shrivelled. Ovule position within the ovary had little effect on the frequency of seed set and although there was an apparently higher probability that central ovules produced a seed than those nearer the peduncle or style this was not statistically significant. Inflorescence position and floret position on the inflorescence had a significant effect on the number of seeds per floret and seed weight; the first formed inflorescences and the first florets to be pollinated on each inflorescence had more seeds per floret and heavier seeds and fewer florets with no seed than later pollinated florets. There were also differences between florets within the same whorl. The role of a number of factors which may influence floret site utilisation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 1996

Keywords

  • Abortion
  • Trifolium repens L.
  • fertilisation
  • ovules
  • pollination
  • seedset
  • white clover

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