Palynological indications of environmental changes during the Late Creataceous-Eocene on the southern continental margin of Laurasia, Xizang (Tibet)

Li Jianguo, David J. Batten, Zhang Yiyong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

A palynostratigraphic and palynofacies study of a geological section at Cuojiangding in Zhongba Conty has provided a basis for discussing the palaeoenvironmental evolution of the southern continentla margin of Laurasia in Xizang (Tibet) towards the end of the Creataceous Period and during the Paleogene. It is the only record of fossil spores and pollen grains from collision- and convergence-related sediments close to the major Yarlung Zangbo Suture. Deposits of the Padana Formation at the base of the section through the Qubeiya, Quxia, and Jialazi formations to the Rujiao Zangbo Conglomerate at the top are considered to range in age from Santonian to Eocene or possibly Oligocene. During this period the India plate collided with, and continued to push against, Laurasia plate. Two spore and pollen zones and three palynofacies types are recognized. These are correlated with two transgressive-regrassive cycles associated with the collision, periods of geologically rapid uplift being reflected by the molasse-like sediments of the upper Quxia Formation and the Rujiao Zangbo Conglomerate, which accumulated during the Late Paleocene and Eocene-Oligocene respectively. The first regression led to intermittent subaerial exposure and erosion of the Cuojiangding area. The second ended the marine history of the area and led first to the development of swamps in a subtropical climate, now preserved in the coal-bearing Qiuwu Formation, and later to the development of mountainous terrain, with a cooler climate at higher elevations. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-86
Number of pages9
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume265
Issue number1-2
Early online date03 May 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2008

Keywords

  • Yarlung Zangbo Suture
  • Inida-Laurasia collision
  • Cretaceous-Palaeogene
  • Palynology
  • Palaeoenvironment

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Palynological indications of environmental changes during the Late Creataceous-Eocene on the southern continental margin of Laurasia, Xizang (Tibet)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this